Tech & Online Terms
 
Don't know your bandwidth from your back-end? Here's a handy glossary of tech terms.
A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M
N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

 

N

 

Nixie: The name of a wearable selfie drone that is worn on the wrist before it launches to take a selfie of yourself from the air. Who needs a selfie stick?

 

NATIVE APP: Application that’s been made specifically for a certain device platform
Example: Mail for iOS; Ingress for Android

 

NFC: Near Field Communication
Technology that lets mobile and other devices communicate using radio waves when they’re very close to each other (about 4 inches or less) and is use
d for services like sharing files, pairing with accessories, or wireless payments

 

navigate - The act of moving around the Web by clicking on hypertext links (or paths) that take...

 

O

 

Octa-core: Eight cores instead of four (quad-core), which was the 2014 norm for high-end smartphones. It should mean a boost in processing power, but also power efficiency. A number of octa-core devices are already available.

 

opt-out - Any time a user requests to be removed from any kind of online program, he or she...

 

ORGANIC: Content that ranks highly because people have liked it or viewed it, not because companies have paid to promote the content

 

OPTIMIZATION: Developing a website to convert visitors to customers

 

OPENING TAG & CLOSING TAG: Set of angle brackets with an HTML element character(s) that contains a piece of content or part of the structure for a web page
Example of opening tag: 〈p〉
Example of closing tag: 〈/p〉

 

OBJECT-ORIENTED PROGRAMMING (OOP): Programming that allows the creation of objects that have specific and unique attributes and abilities
Example of OOP language: Ruby, PHP, Python

 

Online: If a computer (or computer user) is online, it is currently connected to a network or to the Internet. Online also refers to resources and services available on the Internet - e.g. online banking, online dictionary.

 

Operating system: An operating system (OS) is the software that manages all of a computer's processes and allows programs and applications to run. The most prominent operating system is Microsoft Windows. Others include Mac OS X and Linux.

 

P

 

POLED: Plastic Organic Light Emitting Diode: A flexible OLED display, allowing different shaped devices. Flexible OLED (FOLED) can also use flexible glass or metal as the base, but we're seeing plastic in devices like the LG G Flex curved phones.

 

PPI: Also called “density”
How many pixels per inch on a device display with higher ppi giving sharper images and text Example: 326 ppi of iPhone 6

 

PROPERTY: Characteristic of the HTML changed by CSS
Example: font-size, color, margin

 

RESPONSIVE: Website that adapts gracefully to different-sized devices like phones, tablets, wearable devices, etc.

 

Peopleware: The role that humans play in technology, specifically in terms of computers.  The technology of that app is great, but it doesn’t take peopleware into account so it’s less user-friendly.

 

PDF: Portable document format (PDF) is a file type created by Adobe Systems Inc. PDFs can be read using free software called Adobe Acrobat Reader or another PDF reader.

 

Phishing: is a type of email fraud in which the perpetrator sends out emails that appear to come from a legitimate service or reputable company, such as a bank or an email service provider. These emails aim to lure recipients to reveal confidential information that the perpetrator can use for their financial advantage - for example, online banking log-in details and passwords.

 

Plug-in: A software plug-in is a component that adds to a software program's functionality.

 

POP: A Post office protocol (POP) is an Internet protocol used by your Internet service provider (ISP) to handle email. A POP account is an email account.

 

PPM: Pages per minute (PPM) generally refers to the speed of a printer.

 

Processor:  is the brains of your computer. It is responsible for performing calculations and tasks that make programs work. The faster the processor, the faster the computer works.

 

Protocol: is a standard or set of rules that computers and other devices use when communicating with one another.

 

PING or ping - Traditionally this term refers to an Internet program used to determine whether a...

 

plug-and-play - A standard for add-in hardware that requires it to identify itself on demand (see:...

 

plugged-in - Slang for wired, or being connected.

 

Q

 

Quantum dot: A technology used by LG and other manufacturers that's similar to Samsung's SUHD where an extra layer of nano-crystals emit different coloured light, enhancing colour reproduction and brightness. In short, a TV with quantum dot tech in it promises to be a lot more vibrant than one without.

 

Qi: A common wireless charging standard supported by Microsoft/Nokia, LG, BlackBerry, Sony, Samsung and plenty of others.

 

Quad HD: This term describes a resolution of 2560 x 1440 pixels, which some of the latest smartphones offer. Also written as QHD, don't confuse it with qHD (quarter HD) which is only 960 x 540 and tends to be found on budget phones.

 

R

 

RealSense: Intel's new Kinect like 3D-camera technology that can moving, like your hand or body.analyse a scene and provide spatial awareness data for objects within that scene, whether they are static like a desk, or


Rankify: (online term) The process of making upsurges in life. Sweet, I rankified my job and got promoted!

 

 

 

REACH: How many people see social media content

 

RASTER: Image made of pixels so it can be styled more but loses quality when made bigger
Example: photo

 

RESOLUTION: How many pixels can be shown on a device’s display with higher resolution meaning more information can be shown

 

ROUTER: Device used to connect personal computers to the Internet via a network like cable or DSL

 

RELATIONAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: System for handling digital information using tables
Example: SAP, MySQL

 

RAM: Random access memory (RAM) is usually referred to as a computer's "memory" - it stores information used by programs. Generally, the larger your computer's RAM, the more programs it can run at once without slowing down.

 

Read-only: A read-only file cannot be edited, modified or deleted.

 

Resolution:  refers to the number of distinct pixels that make up the display on a computer monitor. It is denoted in DPI (dots per inch). The higher the resolution, the finer and smoother the images appear when displayed at a given size.

 

ROM: i the stands for read-only memory. It is the part of a computer's memory that cannot be changed by a user. The contents of ROM remain even when the computer is turned off.

 

radar screen - In modern jargon, this refers to the range of interests that a company or individual...

 

rant-and-rave - To speak on and on about something you feel passionate for. Users often rant-and-rave...

 

robot - Traditionally, it's a device that can move and react to sensory input. Robots are...

 

 

S

 

SUHD: Samsung's new colour rich technology for 4K UHD TVs that is similar to LG's quantum dot tech (above). The S apparently stands for whatever you want, whether that be Samsung, superior, selective or something else.

 

Sensoration: The American media love coining a phrase and this one means putting a sensor in everything.

 

Sync: "Sync" is another word for synchronise. It is typically used when you sync a device, such as a smartphone, with data on another device like a computer. You can sync the two devices by connecting, for instance, your smartphone to your computer via a USB, wireless, or Bluetooth connection.

 

SOCIAL GRAPH: Network of relationships between Internet users

 

SEARCH ENGINE MARKETING (SEM): Advertising on search engines
Example: AdWords, Bing Words

 

SEO: Search Engine Optimization Making a website or web page rank high in online search results

 

SITEMAP: Outline, or map, of the pages needed for a website

 

SELF-CLOSING TAG: Opening tag that doesn’t have a closing tag but instead “closes itself” with a forward slash before the right angle bracket
Example: 〈img src=”http://example.com/myimage.jpg” alt=”My image”/〉

 

SEMANTIC ELEMENT: Element that gives the browser more information about the content in it
Example:em, abbr, s

 

STRUCTURAL ELEMENT: Element that helps organize the content of a web page
Example: h1, p, div, span

 

SELECTOR: Part of CSS code that tells which HTML element the styling is for
Example with p as selector: p {font-size: 12px;}

 

SOFTWARE: Program or set of instructions that tells a computer, phone, or tablet what to do and includes applications and system software like operating systems, drivers, and utilities

 

SDK: Software Development Kit. Set of tools for creating certain kinds of software.

 

Spendlytics: An analysis of your spending habits.

 

SAAS: stands for software as a service. It is a software distribution model whereby software applications are centrally hosted and licensed on a subscription basis.

 

Search engine: enables a computer user to search information on the Internet. It is a type of software that creates indexes of databases or Internet sites based on the titles of files, keywords, or the full text of files. The most popular search engines are Google.com.auYahoo.com.au and Bing.com.au.

 

SSL: or secure sockets layer, is a protocol that allows Internet users to send encrypted messages across the Internet. It is generally used when transmitting confidential information (e.g. personal data or credit card details). A web address that begins with "https" indicates that an SSL connection is in use.

 

SEO: or search engine optimisation, is the practice of making adjustments to certain aspects of a website in an effort to improve its ranking on search engines.

 

Server: is a computer that handles requests for data, email, file transfers, and other network services from other computers.

 

Spam: refers to unsolicited email messages sent for marketing purposes.

 

scaleable or scalability - Refers to the ability of hardware or software or even a brand, to adapt to increased...

 

shelfware - Slang for software that is so worthless it remains in the shrink-wrapped box on the...

 

showstopper - Slang for anything that has the potential to halt the shipment or to stop the launch...

 

spammin' - Slang for speaking aimlessly on a mishmash of topics, or to stuff someone's brain...

 

surf or surfing - To browse or look at information on the Web by pointing and clicking and navigating...

 

 

 

T

 

Tizen OS on the TV: Samsung's new smart TV operating system runs on the Tizen operating system (also used in its smartwatches, cameras and prospective phones). It should mean greater connectivity with other Samsung products in the future.

 

TRAFFIC: Amount of people who visit a website

 

TEXT EDITOR; Software used to write plain text (with no formatting) that’s used for coding and programming.  Example: SublimeText, TextEdit, TextWrangler, Notepad++

 

thread - Originally it referred to a chain of postings on a single subject in a newsgroup....

 

TMI - Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used primarily in texting, online...

 

50. TYPEFACE OR FONT FAMILY

Group of fonts
Example: Arial

51. TYPE HIERARCHY

System of using different font sizes for text on a website to organize it and make it more visual appealing

 

 

 

U

 

USB Type-C: New USB form factor that will not only let you transfer data at twice the speed you can now, but also provide enough power to charge your laptop as well.

 

Uncloud: Managing, analyzing, and organizing your cloud storage. Man, my place is such a mess. I should uncloud it and see what I actually need.

 

USER-GENERATED CONTENT (UGC)

Social media content created by users, not by companies or organizations

 

41. UI

User interface
How a website is laid out and how users interact with it

42. USER FLOW

Map of the path users take from getting to a website through taking one of an action on the site

43. USER PERSONA

Profile of an imaginary person who would use a website used to define who a site is for and what their needs are

44. USER RESEARCH

Investigating how users act and what they need and want to better design a website for them

45. UX

User experience
How people feel when they use a website

 

UPTIME & DOWNTIME

How long a website, computer, or system has been working (uptime) or not working (downtime)

 

Unzip
To unzip a zip file is to extract and decompress compressed files from it. If you are sent a zip file via email, you will need to unzip it before you can access the files inside it.

URL
A URL (unique resource locator) or web address is the string of characters you type into a browser to access a particular website or
other resource on the Internet. (eg. http://www.ourcommunity.com.au )

 

unplugged - Slang for being not connected. The opposite of wired. It also refers to acoustic music...

 

user - A term that defines the online audience, it also refers to anyone who "uses" a computer....


 

 

 

V

 

VBR - Variable Bitrate: A term often used in streaming, by varying the rate that the data comes down the line, the provider can ensure the content you're watching doesn't buffer, adapting to your connection speed at the loss, sometimes, of picture quality.

 

VP9: This is the video compression standard adopted by YouTube for 4K content and developed by Google. It's supported by most browsers and will be needed in TVs and other devices to be able to watch 4K YouTube videos.

 

Virtual Reality (VR): A big trend at CES this year, virtual reality headsets are no longer just about Oculus Rift, with Razer launching its OSVR headset, and Samsung partnering with Milk for daily content for its Gear VR device.

 

VECTOR

Image made up of lines calculated mathematically so it can’t be styled as much but doesn’t lose quality when it’s made bigger
Example: logo

 

VERSION CONTROL

System to keep track of changes to code and files and allows going back to earlier versions
Example: Git

 

VIRTUAL MACHINE (VM)

Software that makes it possible to use one computer operating system on a computer running another system

 

W

 

webOS 2.0: The operating system that runs some of LG's smart TVs got a big update at CES. Don't mistake it for the original WebOS 2.0 that ran on the Palm Pre though. It is the same core OS but completely reimagined.

 

Whitelist: A list granting access/approval to certain entities that prove to be valid. We whitelist your mail address in our mail program.

 

WIREFRAME

Simple sketch of the key information that goes on each web page

 

WEB SERVER

Computer that can be accessed through the internet or software that responds to server requests

 

WEB APP

Website that looks and feels like an app
Also called “HTML5 app”

 

WEP
Wired equivalent privacy (WEP) is a security protocol used in wi-fi networks. It is designed to provide a wireless local area network (LAN) with a level of security similar to that of a regular wired LAN. WEP-secured networks are usually protected by passwords. (See also WAP.)

 

Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi is a technology that allows computers and other devices to communicate via a wireless signal. Essentially, it means you can browse the internet without tripping over phone cords.

 

WPA
Wi-Fi protected access (WPA) is a security protocol used in wi-fi networks. It is an improvement on WEP because it offers greater protection through more sophisticated data encryption.

 

Y

 

YouTube 360: A new video format now being supported by YouTube that will allow you to film and upload video shot with a 360 degree camera. Why? Because eventually you’ll be able to view it with a VR headset.

 

  1. yoyo mode - The state in which a computer rapidly alternates several times between being up and...

 

Z

 

ZigBee: A wireless protocol common in connected home products operating within a mesh network. It helps them all talk to each other in a standardised fashion.

 

Zip
To zip files is to archive and compress them into one file of smaller size using a program such as WinZip. It's a handy way to make files smaller before sending them via email.

 

 

 

 

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